4 steps to write a strong flashback for Primary 5 composition

For Primary 5 composition , markers prefer that pupils start the story with a different type of beginning so a flashback introduction fulfills the markers’ requirements. It begins the story with a single event which triggers the main character’s memory of the entire incident.

What to write for a flashback introduction

A strong flashback introduction includes the 4 main elements to give the reader a clear description of the flashback scene.

4 main elements to write a flashback introduction for Primary 5 composition

1) Action

The actions should be based on the main character’s actions in the flashback introduction scene. Pupils have to consider what the main character was doing.

2) Trigger

Next, pupils have to decide on a suitable trigger. This means writing what the main character smelled, saw or heard that triggered the main character’s memory of the incident.

The flashback introduction and the story’s conflict should have common details so that the reader can understand why and how the flashback introduction reminded the main character of the story plot.

3) Feeling

Recalling the incident, the main character should have a certain feeling.

4) Ending

There must be an ending sentence to clearly show to the reader that the flashback introduction is of a different time frame from the incident.

How to write a flashback introduction for Primary 5 composition

Using a Primary 5 composition topic, we will illustrate how to write a flashback introduction.

Primary 5 composition topic

Step 1 – Start with the action

The flashback revolves around a scene that reminds the main character of the incident.

It should always start with the main character’s actions in the flashback scene.

Specific action verbs and phrases should be used for a descriptive and effective flashback introduction paragraph.

Step 2 – Insert the trigger

Next, the trigger is added. This is to show the reader what exactly reminded the main character of the incident.

In this case, it could be the principal’s speech on kindness which reminded the main character of his kind act.

Step 3 – Add the feeling

In reality, we smile when we remember happy occasions and frown when we recall unhappy moments.

Upon remembering what had happened, it is natural that the main character would have a certain feeling.

Step 4 – Complete with an ending sentence

The flashback introduction requires an ending sentence which clearly shows to the reader that the composition is beginning with a flashback scene.


The above 4 steps ensure that writing an effective flashback introduction paragraph can be simple for all pupils.

Learn how to write all the different types of beginnings in our Primary 5 writing classes.

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